英语趣谈:Selfie与self-image的错觉

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文︰子慧

这个年代人人都有部手机,拍照不一定要人帮忙,可以拍selfie。 Selfie是自拍,把日常生活,到过的有趣地方拍下来,还可以立即与人分享,十分方便,但不知大家有没有留意,自拍的照片里,自己的样子总像是有点怪怪的。

“扭曲”观感

专家指出,问题是鼻子。拍selfie通常是自己伸长手来拍,手的长度有限,所以通常镜头是距离面部约十二吋。整容手术专业期刊JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery最近有文章指出:

Taking selfies at a distance of about 12 inches from the face increases perceived nose size by nearly 30%.

Perceive解interpret or regard someone or something in a certain way,把某事看作……。 Perceive是主观的印象,并不一定是事实。原来selfie拍出来的照片,鼻子比真实的大了30%。

镜头的角度,人物与镜头的距离、焦距,都可造成distortion,令影像扭曲,这情况原来很多人都不知道,看见selfie中自己的鼻子大,就认为鼻子真的过大,很多人竟然因为这样,跑去找整容医生,要求动手术把鼻子缩小。

这不是个别例子。

美国整形医师协会报告指︰

55% of surgeons(外科医生)reported having patients who said they were seeking cosmetic procedures(整容手术)to improve their perceived appearance in selfies or other photos posted on social media in 2017, up from 42% in 2016.

遇上这类“病人”,医生当然会告诉他们selfie的distortion问题,劝他们打消整容的念头。是否会有人因为不满selfie的影像而坚持要把鼻子弄小,报道没有详述,但鼻子整形的手术总数就的确上升了。

自信心低落

Selfie可以扭曲面容,造成erroneous perception,错误的观感、看法、错觉。另一种问题更大的erroneous perception,原来是我们的self-image,整体的自我形象。这种错觉可以造成low self-esteem,自尊心、自信心低落。

Low self-esteem affects every aspect of our lives, from our career choices(事业的选择)to our relationships, creating a life that leaves us feeling unaccepted(不被接受)and unfulfilled(未得到满足).When we feel that we are not good enough, we may avoid work and social opportunities and settle for less than we deserve.

觉得自己不足、处处不如人,机会在面前都不敢尝试,事业上、生命中的很多良机,往往就白白错过了。

有专家指出:

Often people try to prop up(撑起)their confidence with efforts to become their image of perfection(完美). This great effort usually involves reinforcing(加强) the belief that we should be that fictional image. The result is a stronger mechanism for self rejection.

Overcoming Low Self-Esteem with Mindfulness的作者Deborah Ward认为,要纠正对自我形象的错误观感,需要的是mindfulness,这包括”being non-judgemental”,不要用批判的眼光看自己:”simply accept ourselves, our experiences, our failures and successes and other people just as they are, neither good or bad, without pride or shame.”应该用不卑不亢的态度看别人、看自己。

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