英语趣谈:全城疯迷的世界杯词汇

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文︰Annabelle M.

四年一度的国际足球盛事“世界杯”, 现在进行得如火如荼!观看世界杯足球赛不只是娱
乐,更可以是个寓学习于娱乐的机会。以下教授十个关于“世界杯”的词汇。

1. FIFA World Cup / WorldCup (n phr) 世界杯
例句:FIFA World Cup, often known as the World Cup, is held every four years

(“FIFA世界杯”常简称为“世界杯”,是每四年举行一次的足球赛事。 )

2. Contest (v) 竞逐
例句:The World Cup is an international football competition
contested by the national teams of different countries all over theworld.

(世界杯是全球各国的足球国家队都会参与竞逐的国际足球赛事。 )

3. Tournament (n) 比赛
例句:The tournament was not held in 1942 and 1946 owing to the outbreak of the Second World War.

(由于爆发第二次世界大战,这个比赛并没有在1942年和1946年举行。 )

4. Qualification phrase (nphr) 资格赛阶段
例句:Before a team can join the World Cup, it must undergo and pass the qualification phrase successfully.

(球队必须成功通过资格赛阶段, 才可以参加世界杯。 )

5. Prestigious (adj) 享负盛名的
例句:The World Cup is one of the most prestigious football
tournaments in the world because of its worldwide recognition.

(世界杯是全球最享负盛名的足球赛事之一,因为这个比赛得到全球的认可。 )

6. Cumulative (adj) 累积的
例句:According to the statistics, there are as many as 27 billion cumulative audience who have watched the World Cup.

(根据统计资料,曾观看世界杯的累积观众人数高达270亿。 )

7. Demonstration sport (nphr) 表演示范运动
例句:Since football can be a demonstration sport, it constantly grows in popularity worldwide.

(由于足球可以成为表演示范运动项目,所以它在全球的流行程度不断提高。 )

8. Amateur player (n phr)业余球员
例句:This year, an amateur player from Iceland’s national football team has surprised the world as his performance is even better than many professional
players.

(今年,来自冰岛国家足球队的一名业余球员的表现,令全球球迷感到惊讶,因为他的表现比许多职业球员还要好。 )

9. Defend the title (clause)卫冕某头衔
例句:The winning team of last year tried their very best to defend their champion title.

(去年的冠军队竭尽全力,希望卫冕冠军头衔。 )

10. Pave the way (clause)为……铺路/做好准备
例句:The Olympic Games paved the way for the world’s first  intercontinental football competition.

(奥运会的出现,为稍后首次举行全球性洲际足球比赛成功铺路。)

作者是英皇教育英文科实力导师,港大硕士级讲师,少数具备考评局研究工作经验。

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Annabelle Mak II / Annabelle M. 英皇教育